callback

Callbacks can be denoted by callable type hint as of PHP 5.4.

Passing

<?php

// An example callback function
function my_callback_function() {
    echo 'hello world!';
}

// An example callback method
class MyClass {
    static function myCallbackMethod() {
        echo 'Hello World!';
    }
}

// Type 1: Simple callback
call_user_func('my_callback_function');

// Type 2: Static class method call
call_user_func(array('MyClass', 'myCallbackMethod'));

// Type 3: Object method call
$obj = new MyClass();
call_user_func(array($obj, 'myCallbackMethod'));

// Type 4: Static class method call (As of PHP 5.2.3)
call_user_func('MyClass::myCallbackMethod');

// Type 5: Relative static class method call (As of PHP 5.3.0)
class A {
    public static function who() {
        echo "A\n";
    }
}

class B extends A {
    public static function who() {
        echo "B\n";
    }
}

call_user_func(array('B', 'parent::who')); // A

// Type 6: Objects implementing __invoke can be used as callables (since PHP 5.3)
class C {
    public function __invoke($name) {
        echo 'Hello ', $name, "\n";
    }
}

$c = new C();
call_user_func($c, 'PHP!');
?>
<?php
// Our closure
$double = function($a) {
    return $a * 2;
};

// This is our range of numbers
$numbers = range(1, 5);

// Use the closure as a callback here to
// double the size of each element in our
// range
$new_numbers = array_map($double, $numbers);

print implode(' ', $new_numbers);
?>
  • A PHP function is passed by its name as a string.
  • A method of an instantiated object is passed as an array containing an object at index 0 and the method name at index 1.
  • Static class methods can also be passed without instantiating an object of that class by passing the class name instead of an object at index 0.
  • Apart from common user-defined function, anonymous functions can also be passed to a callback parameter.
Note:

Callbacks registered with functions such as call_user_func() and call_user_func_array() will not be called if there is an uncaught exception thrown in a previous callback.

callback — Structure map

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