# Transitions

Domains:

## CSS Transitions

CSS transitions allows you to change property values smoothly (from one value to another), over a given duration.

## Browser Support for Transitions

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Numbers followed by -webkit-, -moz-, or -o- specify the first version that worked with a prefix.

Property Chrome Internet Explorer / Edge Firefox Safari Opera
transition 26.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 16.0
4.0 -moz-
6.1
3.1 -webkit-
12.1
10.5 -o-
transition-delay 26.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 16.0
4.0 -moz-
6.1
3.1 -webkit-
12.1
10.5 -o-
transition-duration 26.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 16.0
4.0 -moz-
6.1
3.1 -webkit-
12.1
10.5 -o-
transition-property 26.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 16.0
4.0 -moz-
6.1
3.1 -webkit-
12.1
10.5 -o-
transition-timing-function 26.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 16.0
4.0 -moz-
6.1
3.1 -webkit-
12.1
10.5 -o-

## How to Use CSS Transitions?

To create a transition effect, you must specify two things:

• the CSS property you want to add an effect to
• the duration of the effect

Note: If the duration part is not specified, the transition will have no effect, because the default value is 0.

The following example shows a 100px * 100px red <div> element. The <div> element has also specified a transition effect for the width property, with a duration of 2 seconds:

div {
width: 100px;
height: 100px;
background: red;
-webkit-transition: width 2s; /* Safari */
transition: width 2s;
}


The transition effect will start when the specified CSS property (width) changes value.

Now, let us specify a new value for the width property when a user mouses over the <div> element:

div:hover {
width: 300px;
}


Notice that when the cursor mouses out of the element, it will gradually change back to its original style.

## Change Several Property Values

The following example adds a transition effect for both the width and height property, with a duration of 2 seconds for the width and 4 seconds for the height:

div {
-webkit-transition: width 2s, height 4s; /* Safari */
transition: width 2s, height 4s;
}


## Specify the Speed Curve of the Transition

The transition-timing-function property specifies the speed curve of the transition effect.

The transition-timing-function property can have the following values:

• ease - specifies a transition effect with a slow start, then fast, then end slowly (this is default)
• linear - specifies a transition effect with the same speed from start to end
• ease-in - specifies a transition effect with a slow start
• ease-out - specifies a transition effect with a slow end
• ease-in-out - specifies a transition effect with a slow start and end
• cubic-bezier(n,n,n,n) - lets you define your own values in a cubic-bezier function

The following example shows the some of the different speed curves that can be used:

#div1 {transition-timing-function: linear;}
#div2 {transition-timing-function: ease;}
#div3 {transition-timing-function: ease-in;}
#div4 {transition-timing-function: ease-out;}
#div5 {transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;}


## Delay the Transition Effect

The transition-delay property specifies a delay (in seconds) for the transition effect.

The following example has a 1 second delay before starting:

div {
-webkit-transition-delay: 1s; /* Safari */
transition-delay: 1s;
}


## Transition + Transformation

The following example adds a transition effect to the transformation:

div {
-webkit-transition: width 2s, height 2s, -webkit-transform 2s; /* Safari */
transition: width 2s, height 2s, transform 2s;
}


## More Transition Examples

The CSS transition properties can be specified one by one, like this:

div {
transition-property: width;
transition-duration: 2s;
transition-timing-function: linear;
transition-delay: 1s;
}


or by using the shorthand property transition:

div {
transition: width 2s linear 1s;
}


## CSS Transition Properties

The following table lists all the CSS transition properties:

Property Description
transition A shorthand property for setting the four transition properties into a single property
transition-delay Specifies a delay (in seconds) for the transition effect
transition-duration Specifies how many seconds or milliseconds a transition effect takes to complete
transition-property Specifies the name of the CSS property the transition effect is for
transition-timing-function Specifies the speed curve of the transition effect

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