Domains: CSS

The look of an HTML table can be greatly improved with CSS:

Company Contact Country
Alfreds Futterkiste Maria Anders Germany
Berglunds snabbköp Christina Berglund Sweden
Centro comercial Moctezuma Francisco Chang Mexico
Ernst Handel Roland Mendel Austria
Island Trading Helen Bennett UK
Königlich Essen Philip Cramer Germany
Laughing Bacchus Winecellars Yoshi Tannamuri Canada
Magazzini Alimentari Riuniti Giovanni Rovelli Italy

Table Borders

To specify table borders in CSS, use the border property.

The example below specifies a black border for <table>, <th>, and <td> elements:

table, th, td {
  border: 1px solid black;

Notice that the table in the example above has double borders. This is because both the table and the <th> and <td> elements have separate borders.

Collapse Table Borders

The border-collapse property sets whether the table borders should be collapsed into a single border:

table {
  border-collapse: collapse;

table, th, td {
  border: 1px solid black;

If you only want a border around the table, only specify the border property for <table>:

table {
  border: 1px solid black;

Table Width and Height

Width and height of a table are defined by the width and height properties.

The example below sets the width of the table to 100%, and the height of the <th> elements to 50px:

table {
  width: 100%;

th {
  height: 50px;

Horizontal Alignment

The text-align property sets the horizontal alignment (like left, right, or center) of the content in <th> or <td>.

By default, the content of <th> elements are center-aligned and the content of <td> elements are left-aligned.

The following example left-aligns the text in <th> elements:

th {
  text-align: left;

Vertical Alignment

The vertical-align property sets the vertical alignment (like top, bottom, or middle) of the content in <th> or <td>.

By default, the vertical alignment of the content in a table is middle (for both <th> and <td> elements).

The following example sets the vertical text alignment to bottom for <td> elements:

td {
  height: 50px;
  vertical-align: bottom;

Table Padding

To control the space between the border and the content in a table, use the padding property on <td> and <th> elements:

th, td {
  padding: 15px;
  text-align: left;

Horizontal Dividers

Add the border-bottom property to <th> and <td> for horizontal dividers:

th, td {
  border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd;

Hoverable Table

Use the :hover selector on <tr> to highlight table rows on mouse over:

tr:hover {background-color: #f5f5f5;}

Striped Tables

For zebra-striped tables, use the nth-child() selector and add a background-color to all even (or odd) table rows:

tr:nth-child(even) {background-color: #f2f2f2;}

Table Color

The example below specifies the background color and text color of <th> elements:

th {
  background-color: #4CAF50;
  color: white;

Responsive Table

A responsive table will display a horizontal scroll bar if the screen is too small to display the full content:

Add a container element (like <div>) with overflow-x:auto around the <table> element to make it responsive:

<div style="overflow-x:auto;">

... table content ...


Note: In OS X Lion (on Mac), scrollbars are hidden by default and only shown when being used (even though "overflow:scroll" is set).

More Examples

Make a fancy table
This example demonstrates how to create a fancy table.

Set the position of the table caption
This example demonstrates how to position the table caption.

CSS Table Properties

Property Description
border Sets all the border properties in one declaration
border-collapse Specifies whether or not table borders should be collapsed
border-spacing Specifies the distance between the borders of adjacent cells
caption-side Specifies the placement of a table caption
empty-cells Specifies whether or not to display borders and background on empty cells in a table
table-layout Sets the layout algorithm to be used for a table

Similar pages

Page structure

Table Borders


Background Color

Text Color

Text Alignment

Collapse Table Borders

The :hover