# Alternative syntax for control structures

Domains:

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

PHP offers an alternative syntax for some of its control structures; namely, if, while, for, foreach, and switch. In each case, the basic form of the alternate syntax is to change the opening brace to a colon (:) and the closing brace to endif;, endwhile;, endfor;, endforeach;, or endswitch;, respectively.

<?php if ($a == 5): ?> A is equal to 5 <?php endif; ?>  In the above example, the HTML block "A is equal to 5" is nested within an if statement written in the alternative syntax. The HTML block would be displayed only if$a is equal to 5.

The alternative syntax applies to else and elseif as well. The following is an if structure with elseif and else in the alternative format:

<?php
if ($a == 5): echo "a equals 5"; echo "..."; elseif ($a == 6):
echo "a equals 6";
echo "!!!";
else:
echo "a is neither 5 nor 6";
endif;
?>


Note:

Mixing syntaxes in the same control block is not supported.

Warning

Any output (including whitespace) between a switch statement and the first case will result in a syntax error. For example, this is invalid:

	<?php switch ($foo): ?> <?php case 1: ?> ... <?php endswitch ?>  Whereas this is valid, as the trailing newline after the switch statement is considered part of the closing ?> and hence nothing is output between the switch and case:  <?php switch ($foo): ?>
<?php case 1: ?>
...
<?php endswitch ?>


Page structure
Terms