# Execution Operators

Domains:

PHP supports one execution operator: backticks (). Note that these are not single-quotes! PHP will attempt to execute the contents of the backticks as a shell command; the output will be returned (i.e., it won't simply be dumped to output; it can be assigned to a variable). Use of the backtick operator is identical to shell_exec().

<?php
$output = ls -al; echo "<pre>$output</pre>";
?>


Note:

The backtick operator is disabled when safe mode is enabled or shell_exec() is disabled.

Note:

Unlike some other languages, backticks have no special meaning within double-quoted strings.

See also the manual section on Program Execution functions, popen() proc_open(), and Using PHP from the commandline.

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